Initiation or switch to the single-tablet regimen of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) led to low HIV-1 RNA viral load in people living with HIV (PLHIV), according to the BICSTaR study presented at HIV Glasgow 2020.
The monthly injectable regimen comprising the INSTI* cabotegravir and the NNRTI** rilpivirine long-acting (CAB+RPV LA) maintained virological suppression (ie, plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL) in almost all participants of the phase III ATLAS*** trial who entered the extension phase, according to the 96-week analysis presented at HIV Glasgow 2020.
Switching to a dual therapy of dolutegravir/lamivudine (DTG/3TC) was noninferior to continuing on a TAF*-based regimen in maintaining virologic suppression over 96 weeks in virally suppressed adults with HIV-1, according to the long-term data from TANGO presented at the 2020 HIV Glasgow Congress.
Switching to a single-tablet regimen of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (B/F/TAF) maintains virologic suppression over 72 weeks in older people living with HIV (PLWH), according to a study presented at the HIV Glasgow 2020 Congress.
An oral lead-in (OLI) regimen consisting of cabotegravir + rilpivirine (CAB+RPV) did not seem to have an effect on HIV patients who switched from a daily oral dolutegravir/abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/DTG/3TC) regimen to a monthly injectable CAB+RPV long-acting (LA) therapeutic regimen, given the similar efficacy, safety, and tolerability profiles observed with or without OLI, according to the 124-week results of the phase III FLAIR* trial presented at HIV Glasgow 2020.
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The efficacy and safety of the two-bag (TB) system are comparable to those of the one-bag (OB) system in adults with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), results of a study have shown. Both approaches can be considered in adult DKA patients.
Dr. Hsu Li Yang, Dr. Tan Thuan Tong, Dr. Andrea Kwa,
08 Jan 2021
Antimicrobial resistance has become increasingly dire as the rapid emergence of drug resistance, especially gram-negative pathogens, has outpaced the development of new antibiotics. At a recent virtual symposium, Dr Hsu Li Yang, Vice Dean (Global Health) and Programme Leader (Infectious Diseases), NUS Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, presented epidemiological data on multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Asia, while Dr Tan Thuan Tong, Head and Senior Consultant, Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), focused on the role of ceftazidime-avibactam in MDR GNB infections. Dr Andrea Kwa, Assistant Director of Research, Department of Pharmacy, SGH, joined the panel in an interactive fireside chat, to discuss challenges, practical considerations, and solutions in MDR gram-negative infections. This Pfizer-sponsored symposium was chaired by Dr Ng Shin Yi, Head and Senior Consultant of Surgical Intensive Care, SGH.