It is pain, stiffness, or discomfort in the lower back area below the costal margin & above the gluteal creases.
Low back pain is also called spinal pain or lumbago.
Nonspecific low back pain is without identifiable specific causes that makes up 85-90% of all low back pain cases. It also includes pain felt in the proximal lower extremities
Patients with low back pain maybe associated with mobility deficits caused by severe or progressive neurologic disorders or comorbidities.
Specific spinal pathology includes cauda equina syndrome, tumor, infection, ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory disorders.
Low back pain associated w/ radiculopathy or spinal stenosis are dermatomal pain w/ or w/o neurologic deficits that most often caused by nerve root compression.
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) appear to have a high prevalence of any carotid plaques and severe carotid plaques, with high titre of anticyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies a risk factor for severe carotid atherosclerotic plaque in RA, according to a study.
Compared with other models of care, nurse-led care (NLC) for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is effective, acceptable and safe, according to a recent study. However, current evidence is limited to draw conclusions on its accessibility, appropriateness and efficiency.
Global postural re-education (GPR) can moderately improve pain and function in spinal disorders especially when performed during intermediate follow-ups instead of immediately after initial treatment, a new meta-analysis reports.