Serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytokine levels in HIV patients with cryptococcal meningitis(CM) infection are different and change during antiretroviral (ART) and antifungal therapy, a new study reports.
Azithromycin is present at high levels in the vagina for up to a week after administration of a 1-gram dose, a new study shows. Poor absorption of the antibiotic is thus not the cause of treatment failure.
Infective endocarditis in very elderly patients frequently occurs due to Enterococci and is associated with higher mortality compared with that in younger patients, a study has shown. Moreover, surgery—which carries an excellent prognosis—appears to be underutilised in the octogenarian population, yielding high mortality in those who have not undergone an operation.
Periodic cycles among pneumococcal serotypes frequently carried in children exist, a new study shows. These cycles can be perturbed upon introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) and can be re-established in environments without universal vaccine use.
Flurbiprofen 8.75 mg lozenge may improve sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, and swollen throat in adults with moderate-to-severe sore throat and evidence of tonsillopharyngitis, as observed in a randomised, double-blind study.