Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. Persistent high blood pressure can lead to increased strain to the heart and arteries that can eventually cause organ damage.
To classify the blood pressure, it must be based on ≥2 properly measured, seated blood pressure readings on each of ≥2 office visits.
Patients who have a blood pressure reading of 140 SBP or 90 DBP or both can be diagnosed as hypertensive patients.
Goals of therapy are to manage hypertension that can maintain the patient's normal blood pressure and identify and treat all reversible risk factors.


  • Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure
  • Symptoms may come from secondary causes, concomitant diseases, or from target organ damage (TOD)
  • Patients who have a blood pressure reading of ≥140 mmHg systolic blood pressure (SBP) or ≥90 mmHg diastolic blood pressure (DBP) or both (measured on two occasions 1-4 weeks apart) can be diagnosed as hypertensive patients
  • Assessment with lab tests and imaging may be done to exclude secondary causes, additional cardiovascular risk factors, or TOD
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