Maintaining lean body weight without central adiposity, following healthy diets and being physically active help significantly reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a study in a Chinese population has shown.
Menopausal symptoms, such as vasomotor, joint and urinary, are associated with obesity, a recent study has found. Hot flashes are particularly related to higher body mass index (BMI), urinary urgency and vaginal dryness.
Among patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), enlarged ovarian volume and follicle excess are associated with insulin resistance, according to a study. Furthermore, the number of ovarian follicles could be a useful predictor of insulin resistance.
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) appears to be much more aggressive in youths, with beta cell function deteriorating much more quickly than in adults with T2D even with combination treatment, suggested the TODAY* study, key findings of which were presented at the recent ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies (AFES) meeting.
Individuals with high fasting plasma glucose (FPG) lost more weight than those who had low FPG in response to a high-fibre, low glycaemic load diet, suggesting that FPG could be used as a biomarker to predict dietary weight loss success and to guide selection of the most effective diet, in particular for those with prediabetes and diabetes, according to studies presented at ADA 2017.