Among patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), enlarged ovarian volume and follicle excess are associated with insulin resistance, according to a study. Furthermore, the number of ovarian follicles could be a useful predictor of insulin resistance.
Rice consumption is likely to increase the risk of diabetes mellitus (DM) only in women, reports a recent study. Similarly, women, but not men, with a higher intake of green tea have a lower risk of DM.
Preconception thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) elevation, even within the normal nonpregnant range, is associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, according to a population-based cohort study.
There appears to be a substantial number of patients with uninfected diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) who will develop an infection prior to healing, with risk factors including initial presentation of a deep ulcer, previous ulcer, peripheral neuropathy, foot deformity, younger age and female sex, according to a study.
Long-term type 1 diabetes does not appear to be related with radiographic hand osteoarthritis (OA), but demonstrates a strong association with hand pain, disability and stiffness particularly among women and those with higher glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), according to data from the Dialong hand study.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) patients have more severe illness and a higher mortality rate than non-MERS severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) patients, according to a study presented at the recent American Thoracic Society (ATS) International Conference 2016 held in San Francisco, California, US.
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) appears to be much more aggressive in youths, with beta cell function deteriorating much more quickly than in adults with T2D even with combination treatment, suggested the TODAY* study, key findings of which were presented at the recent ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies (AFES) meeting.