Melasma is a benign pigmentary skin disorder. However, it features prominently on sun-exposed areas, typically the face and arms, and as such affects the quality of life of those with the disorder. Radha Chitale spoke with Dr. Gavin Ong Chun Wei, a dermatologist at The Skin Specialist clinic in Singapore, about how GPs can best diagnose and treat patients with melasma.
Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as atopic eczema, is defined as a chronic or recurrent, itchy inflammatory skin disease. Patients with AD usually have elevated serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and positive family history of asthma, allergic rhinitis and type I allergies. [J Am Acad Dermatol 2014;71(1):116-32]
An 8-year-old girl presents with a six-week history of an erythematous linear lesion on her left thigh (Figure 2). It is slightly raised and scaly but not itchy. The girl has been previously well and the lesion developed quite suddenly, over a few days, and has persisted despite treatment with mometasone furoate 0.1% cream and miconazole cream.
Scar tissue and stretch marks formation are some of the common skin disorders encountered clinically. Scarring occurs when the skin is subjected to trauma (accidents, burns or surgeries) or as a result of certain skin conditions like acne.
Skin infections commonly affect children of all ages. Although more common in those with underlying skin disorders such as atopic dermatitis, the infections can also occur in children without a history of skin disorders. Some skin infections are self-limiting (eg, molluscum contagiosum) and resolve even without treatment. Others such as impetigo may be managed in the primary care setting.
Hair is considered to be a defining feature of a person’s appearance. Whilst hair loss is generally accepted as the norm in males with many men flaunting bald as sexy, many females still find it difficult to come to terms with losing their hair. Excessive hair loss in women impacts on their self esteem and quality of life.
More than half of infantile haemangiomas (IHs) will cause significant or severe sequelae if left to involute spontaneously, according to a study. In addition, the morphology of IHs may help predict the nature and risk of major sequelae.