Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways in the lungs of children and adults.
The patient usually complains of shortness of breath, chest tightness and coughing with wheezing.

A diagnosis of asthma in young children is more likely if they have symptom patterns, presence of risk factors for development of asthma and therapeutic response to controller treatment.
Goals of treatment are effective symptom control with minimal or no exacerbations, minimal or no nocturnal and daytime symptoms, no limitations on activities, minimal or no need for reliever treatment, and minimal adverse effects of medication.


  • A heterogeneous disease with chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways
  • Characterized by history of respiratory symptoms (eg wheeze, shortness of breath, chest tightness & cough) that vary over time & in intensity, together with variable expiratory airflow limitation
  • Symptoms occur with exercise, laughing or crying in the absence of an apparent respiratory infection

Signs and Symptoms

Recurrent episodes

  • Wheezing
  • Breathlessness
  • Cough that is recurrent or persistent non-productive that may be worse at night
  • Chest tightness
  • Reduced activity
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